Effective and accurate record keeping is becoming more critical each day because of the demands from domestic and export markets and the U. Knowing the health care history will help you design a health program of your own, including: when and what booster shots you need to give your pig; how soon to treat for internal and external parasites; and if medication is needed in the feed.
The key to a healthy pig is a good preventative health program. Check with the show management for any required vaccination program. Many fairs recommend that pigs be vaccinated for certain diseases such as erysipelas and atrophic rhinitis. Pigs should be dewormed routinely to maintain a good growth rate. The deworming schedule should be based on the label instructions. When giving your pig any medications or animal health products, always follow the label directions.
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Follow withdrawal time requirements carefully for all market hogs because they will enter the human food chain. Failure to follow withdrawal times can result in illegal residues in the carcass. Violative drug. If you have a choice of the route of administration of any medication between subcutaneous and intramuscular, always choose the subcutaneous route. Intramuscular injections do affect the quality of the food product you are producing.
They not only cause lesions in the form of abscesses or scars, but they can result in the surrounding muscle tissue being unacceptably tough.
Therefore, if you must give an intramuscular injection, it should be given in the neck region because this is a lower value area of the carcass. To ensure proper growth it is critical to provide a balanced commercially prepared ration design for growing and finishing pigs. There is no one magic feed that will make a champion, it is the total nutritional program, including the feeding schedule, the exercise and the careful daily observation during the growing and finishing phases that help make a champion.
You should change the feed to accommodate these changes. However, never make abrupt changes in the type or amount of being fed. Many may start with a starter diet, moving to a grower diet and finally transition to finisher ration. Fresh water is the most important nutritional factor for any animal. Water should be kept cool and clean. If nipple waters are used, flow should be checked on a regular basis.
Water nipples or troughs should not be kept in direct sun because the metal or tubing can get very hot and pigs will be reluctant to drink. Your pig should consume between 4 to 8 pounds of feed per day. Pigs can be either self-fed or hand fed at least twice daily. To make sure that your pig is growing on schedule, you should weigh it on a regular basis.
Always weigh at the same time of the day to avoid variation due to feeding and watering. If you do not have access to a scale, there are less accurate methods of estimating weight, such as using a weight tape or using two body measurements body length and heart girth and then applying a formula. Weight tapes can be purchased at many feed stores or livestock catalogs.
You may also use a fabric tape measure. When measuring your animal, you need to determine the heart girth and body length in inches. The body length should be the distance from the top of the head between the ears to the tail head.
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Record its weight and date on a chart. If its daily gain has fallen off, ask a knowledgeable adult for some help in determining why. It may be a simple matter of: making a minor change in facilities to minimize the stress on the pig, changing the amount of feed given, the energy level of the ration, or addressing a health related problem. Sometimes pigs that are too big early in the feeding period need to be held to a lower rate of gain for a period of time to prevent them from exceeding the proper show weight. This can be done by reducing the daily intake or by reducing the energy level.
If you choose to limit the rate of growth, consider doing this mid-way in the feeding period and finish the pig on a regular finishing ration for the last three weeks before the show to give it a trim, finished appearance. This will also usually result in a more desirable carcass.
Skin care is also very important for show preparation. Most market shows do not allow oil-based products to be used for fitting pigs on show day, only water or approved swine show supplies may be used. However, skin and hair care should begin at home by brushing your pig at least twice a week and increasing to daily from the time you purchase your pig.source url
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This removes dry skin cells and increases the natural oil to be released from the hair follicle. It also helps the pig become accustomed to being handled. There are also many different products designed for use on animals that may be used to condition the skin while you work with your project at home. The days prior to and during the fair can be stressful. With this in mind, it is beneficial for your pig to be prepared for the setting of the fair prior to the actual event. Four to five days prior to the show, feed and water the pig in the same equipment that will be used at the fair.
If the animal will be drinking chlorinated water at fair, add an approved electrolyte for swine to the water to mask the odor and taste. Continue to add electrolytes to the water throughout the fair or until the pig becomes accustom to the water. When you arrive at the show do not feed the pig immediately upon arrival.
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Allow the animal to calm down and become accustom to its new surroundings. Miller, P.
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Moreno, T. Burkey, and R. Nebraska Swine Report. Digital Commons University of Nebraska — Lincoln. Kircher, P. Swine Care, Selection and Showmanship. Department of Agriculture, and Washington counties. WSU Extension programs and employment are available to all without discrimination. Evidence of noncompliance may be reported through your local WSU Extension office.
This information given herein is for educational purposes only. References to commercial products or trade names is made with the understanding that nondiscrimination is intended and no endorsement by WSU Extension is implied. One of the most difficult things in the selection process is predicting how fast your pig will gain weight because of the many variables. For example, if you select a growthy, moderate framed feeder pig on May 1, and the show weigh-in date is August 19, the pig has days to.
Regardless of whether you buy your pig at a special feeder pig sale or directly from a reliable farm, there are a. Also observe good biosecurity practices. Sunscreen products approved for swine are not the same as products you can purchase for humans at your local drug store, as human approved sunscreens have not been approved for food animal use and could result in residue violations of meat.
Violative drug When you purchase your feeder pig, be sure you ask for and write down critical information pertaining to the animal you have selected. The way that farmers dispose of the manure in these lagoons is by spraying it into the air, in many cases in these huge "manure cannons," which look like giant lawn sprinklers. They blast it up into the air over the fields. Photo: Waterkeeper Alliance Inc. BE : It's far too much. It's much more fertilizer than any field needs. That's the problem.
It provides too much fertility to the soil. A lot of it washes off into rivers and streams. But much of it, as they're spreading it and spraying it, blows in the wind and comes across neighboring properties. I spoke to one woman in North Carolina named Elsie Herring. The first time it happened to her, odd years ago, she thought it was raining. It wasn't raining rain; it was raining something entirely different. It's to the point now where she can't really hang laundry outside.
She's never sure whether she can mow the lawn. On a summer's evening, she can't sit on her porch and enjoy the cool air. It's just a constant rain of this manure. It's poisonous. It contains hydrogen sulfide, which has been proven to raise people's blood pressure just by breathing it. It's not just a whiff of country air; it's a poisonous gas that's spreading across the land.
LRK : But what about protection from local government? This kind of thing ruins people's properties, it lowers their property value, and it's an intrusion. BE : This particular woman and many others like her have been to every branch of local, state, and federal government and have gotten the runaround, no help whatsoever. This is all legal. The problem is the laws governing agriculture date back to the days of Old MacDonald's farm, when you'd have a few pigs rooting around the back of the barn, not tens of thousands. The same laws apply, so they can do this legally. There's really nothing illegal about what they're doing.